Panera Bread Company is a food service company. The Company is a national bakery-cafe concept. As of December 27, 2016, the Company operated 2,036 own and franchise-operated bakery-cafe locations in 46 states, the District of Columbia, and Ontario, Canada. It operates through three segments: Company bakery-cafe operations, franchise operations, and fresh dough and other product operations. The Company Bakery-Cafe Operations segment includes the operating activities of the bakery-cafes owned directly and indirectly by the Company. The Franchise Operations segment includes the operating activities of the franchise business unit, which licenses qualified operators to conduct business under the Panera Bread or Paradise Bakery & Cafe names. The Fresh Dough and Other Product Operations segment supplies fresh dough, produce, tuna, cream cheese, and indirectly supplies sweet goods items through a contract manufacturing arrangement, to the Company-owned and franchise-operated bakery-cafes.